Official Volleyball Rules

Official volleyball rules for playing organized competitive volleyball. 

Slight Rule Differences

In the United States, you'll likely follow the rules of one of these volleyball organizations - FIVB, USAV, and NFHS. 

Each organization has slightly different rule interpretations so it's important to understand what rules of volleyball to follow. 


The FIVB is the ultimate international authority in volleyball. 

The FIVB's main activity is worldwide planning and organization of volleyball events, sometimes in conjunction with other international governing bodies such as the IOC. This involves defining qualification procedures and competition formulae for tournaments, as well as more specific details such as player line-up and replacement restrictions, venues and hosts. 

The FIVB has a big influence on the following international volleyball events.

  • Olympic Games

  • World Championship

  • World Cup

  • Swatch FIVB World Tour

  • World Grand Prix

  • World League

  • World Grand Champions Cup

  • FIVB Men's Club World Volleyball Championship
Official Volleyball Rules

USA Volleyball (USAV) Official Volleyball Rules

USA Volleyball (USAV) is a non-profit organization which serves as the national governing body of volleyball in the United States of America (USA). 

There are forty regions of organized competition for adults and juniors in the United States. These regions are grouped into 8 sections and 4 zones. Each region has its own bylaws but are required to follow the national standards and practices. 

National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS)

Since 1920, The National Federation of State High School Associations has led the development of education -based interscholastic sports and activities that help students succeed in their lives. 

The NFHS publishes the official volleyball rules in 16 sports for boys and girls competition and administers fine arts programs in speech, theater, debate and music. 

Comparing FIVB, USAV, and NFHS

The FIVB is usually first to experiment with new volleyball rules. After the FIVB has made some changes, USAV tends to soon follow along and add in the changes to match the FIVB rules. 

The NFHS is typically the last of the 3 organizations to follow along with the rule changes. 

For example, the FIVB was first to use rally scoring and the libero. USAV soon followed then NFHS adjusted their rules much later. 

There are also some major rule differences between organizations. To name a few, the libero ISN'T allowed to serve in USAV and IS allowed to serve in NFHS. 

Consider using special rules for youth volleyball

Fewer Players

If you have fewer players this can be an advantage to develop skill because the fewer the players, the more opportunity to be a part of the game. 

Smaller courts 
It's a good idea to consider using smaller courts with the younger kids because this will allow them to get more touches on the ball. 

Smaller court means less court to cover. This will allow players to develop more skills because it'll be easier to get in position. 

Coaches on the court 
When a coach plays on the court with new youth players, this helps the kids learn the game. Kids can be overwhelmed by the official volleyball rules and different positions. The coach playing with the kids allows a way for the coach to provide guidance and easily direct the kids what to do. 

Also, kids will often play harder when they are teamed with the coach because they want to impress the coach and not let them down. 

Athletic Volleyball Plays

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